. Springer. Suppose you desperately needed money. Each member of the organization stands in a moral relationship to all the others. Russia had difficulties developing a stock market because company spokespersons would not provide accurate information about their companies. A Kantian views an organization as a moral community. No, it could not. Kantian ethics, therefore, obligate the individual involved in the decision-making process to behave in a moral fashion due to the humanity of both parties. This is because Kant’s duty-based theories only focus on the actions and not the consequences of those actions. As a result, employees will more likely cooperate with the organization in order to help it to get over these hard times. Many firms also havedetailed codes of conduct, developed and enforced by teams of ethicsand compliance personnel. However, Rawls has given Kantian theory a largely empirical orientation to make it more acceptable to mainstream currents of thought. Immanuel Kant (Prussia, 1724-1804) was one of the most influential intellectuals in the field of political philosophy. Risk Assessment Ford Pinto: Fuel tank fault leading to fires if rear-ended. The Open-Book Management: Coming Business Revolution. In this report the focus will be placed on an article about models working in … Kant would tend to agree. The German philosopher Emmanuel Kant is one of the key contributors of deontological theories, whose famous ethical theories are known as “Categorical imperative” (Crane & Matten 2007). At present, there are at least five journals devoted to the field (Business Ethics Quarterly, Business Ethics: A European Review, Business & Society, Business & Society Review, Journal of Business Ethics), and work in business ethics appears in mainstream philosophy and social science journals as … New York. With complete information and the proper incentive, employees behave responsibly without the necessity of layers of supervision. There are three strategies that are suggested; virtue theories, duty theories and consequentialist theories (Brenkert & Beauchamp, 2009). It would not be stretching a point too far to say that the managers of a publicly held corporation have promised to strive for profits. Recently, there has been a movement in For example, a business may manufacture and sell substandard and unsafe products in their quest for more. As a Kantian would expect, investors were not forthcoming. These companies were then able to attract investors and have done well. Business + the Environment. Thus, one human being cannot use another simply to satisfy his or her own interests. Such forms of theorizing are prevalent within business ethics: not only the work of Rawls (see, for example, Cohen 2010;Marens 2007) but an array of other Kantian and neo-Kantian … Kant’s third maxim will also mean that an organization should not have a hierarchical organization where workers perform the orders by their managers. Suppose that an employee, angry at the boss for some justified reason, considers stealing from the firm. Kantian Business Ethics. This is because most employers argue that employees should be well aware there is a chance of unemployment when they are hired for the job position. Due to the current economic downturn, many companies are laying off their employees. As such, they are bound by codes ofconduct promulgated by professional societies. An individual who views the organization purely instrumentally is acting contrary to the “respect for persons” principle. For a Kantian, meaningful work: o Is freely chosen and allows the exercise of autonomy on the jobo Supports the rationality of human beings; work that undermines rationality is immoralo Provides a salary sufficient to exercise independenceo Does not interfere with a worker’s moral development. Negative freedom is freedom from coercion and deception. • One example Kant used to illustrate this was a business one. This brings about the advantage that every individual possesses the autonomy and rationale to make informed as well as ethically correct actions (Donaldson & Werhane, 2007). The Kantian categorical imperative process of rational reflection and reasoned social discourse is theoretically capable of forming the moral environmental maxims applicable to business. Currently, the world is following three general moral philosophies. Cutting-edge Issues in Business Ethics: Continental Challenges to Tradition and Practice. o First, theft by employees, managers, and customers is a major problem in business. Therefore, working hard is a categorical imperative even if it does not fit the individual circumstances of the rich man. Many people engaged in business activity, including accountants andlawyers, are professionals. Motivation to work harder can come in many forms. An ethics of care in essence takes that model from the family and extends it out into the world of business. ( Log Out / However, grocer A utilizes this price because this is the market price but grocer B charges this price so the consumer does not go to grocer A. Oxford Dictionary of English. Each school of thoughts portrays different issues that argue about the meaning of being morally right. Boston. SAGE Publications. ( Log Out / Ethics and Sustainability: What are the ethical considerations in terms of Kantian or utilitarian theory? To many people, this may seem to be an immoral act. For example, a rich person is not required to work hard, because he has all he needs. Should you ask someone to lend you money with a promise to pay the money back but with no intention of paying it back? Implying that firms cannot exploit consumers and employees for profit and profit should be used to satisfy all stakeholders. o Another example found in the press concerns companies that try to renegotiate contracts. Since motives are not considered in telling whether such action is morally acceptable or not the application of the Kantian theory in business night later on results to problems. A Kantian Approach to Business Ethics The writer here talks about a man named Kant who lived in the 18th Century and is best known for defending a version of the “respect for persons” principle which implies that any business practice that puts money on a par with people is immoral or unethical. • Kant argued that the highest good was the good will. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. One of the methods of applying Kant’s duty-based ethics is to have a more democratic workplace. There is no other emotion that should be felt other then “I must do this because it is my duty.” That is why in our example above C is the only right answer — for Kant that is. I think it would be best used as a companion to a text book and as a revision aid. Kant is one of the most sought after names when it comes to business ethics. KANTIAN ETHICS . For example, it will be morally wrong to commit suicide because an individual is seen as using life as a mean to escape from experiencing further misery or hardship. No one is used as merely a means in a voluntary economic exchange where both parties benefit. Examples of Ethical Behavior in the Workplace. Critical Theory Ethics for Business and Public Administration. Immanuel Kant is probably one of the most prominent figures in this area (Brenkert & Beauchamp, 2009). This method is headed by Jack Stack from Springfield Manufacturing Company (Case, 1996). If youre new to management, try this course on decision making and equip yourself for success. , duty theories and consequentialist theories ( Brenkert & Beauchamp, 2009 ) do your extreme financial circumstances a. Are given all the others ( Shaw & Barry, 2009 ) and enforced by teams of compliance! 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