In what story do annoying aliens plant hollyhocks in the Sahara? powerMockAPIVersion= '2.0.7'. PowerMock Java agent support. By clicking “Sign up for GitHub”, you agree to our terms of service and For example you can delegate to Enclosed Runner, … License: Apache 2.0: Tags: mock module: Used By: 27 artifacts: Central (35) Spring Plugins (3) Successfully merging a pull request may close this issue. In Mockito, we mock behavior, not implementation by adding a dummy functionality to a mock interface that can be used in unit testing. *", "javax.management. Copy/multiply cell contents based on number in another cell. It requires more in-depth search. How do I read / convert an InputStream into a String in Java? powermock-module-testng: For running TestNG test cases and supporting PowerMock. The test should be successfully executed. And we are using mockStatic(). Spring Lib M. Hortonworks. @test(expected = SomeException.class) Here is the log of the build with Parent POM 3.30 or 3.31: If you are using Mockito 1.x versions then use powermock-api-mockito module. We also want to give a warm welcome to our new core committer Arthur Zagretdinov. (you can rename .jar to .zip to extract the file) report to us if you tried everything but still doesn't work. PowerMock 2.0.9 Latest Nov 2, 2020 + 43 releases Packages 0. How to fix it? *", "com.sun.org.apache.xerces. Is the SafeMath library obsolete in solidity 0.8.0? Consequently you get the following error: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.IllegalStateException: PowerMock requires a Java 5 VM or later. LocalDate.now().atStartOfDay(ZoneId.systemDefault())); So computing the information about the version after jdk6 or before it does not take into account that for java 11 the javaSpecVersion variable is "11". What steps will reproduce the problem? It provides capabilities to work with the Java Reflection API in a simple way to overcome the problems of Mockito, such as the lack of … PowerMock Java agent support. ... PowerMock Java agent support. The issue can be reproduced when you try to mock the class DatatypeFactory. I have changed dependency versions to latest available as below: org. ", "org.w3c. Someone said that the issue is also present in Powermock 2.0.4 and java 11, here is his solution, We were able to fix it. I added the, but still not able to get it to work. Simple straight forward production code leads to simple, straight forward tests. And with PowerMockito 2.0.0-RC1 Unfortunately PowerMock is quite dead and is not compatible with Java 11. Last Release on Dec 11, 2015 15. If you are using Mockito 1.x versions then use powermock-api-mockito module. Why is unappetizing food brought along to space? *", "javax.xml. It provides capabilities to work with the Java Reflection API in a simple way to overcome the problems of Mockito, such as the lack of ability to mock final, static or private methods. PowerMockito is a PowerMock's extension API to support Mockito. Atlassian. It extends the existing mocking frameworks, such as EasyMock and Mockito, to add even more powerful features to them.PowerMock enables us to write good unit tests for even the most untestable code. In such a case there are a few things you need in your test class: The key point is that you need to "disable" static blocks via: When you use the annotation : @PrepareForTest, ultimately, Mockito will try to find the methods of HttpClientBuilderImpl (that in turn is the result of HttpClient.newBuilder(), that in turn is called from static {} blocks that you have). What I am basically saying is: we stopped using PowerMock(ito) some years back. Like stubbing or testing private, final or static methods. ; 2015-12-11: PowerMock 1.6.4 has been released with better support … java testability testing mocking mocking-framework Resources. PowerMock allows you to unit test code normally regarded as untestable. PowerMock 42 usages. PowerMock is an open source mocking library for the Java world. Web site developed by @frodriguez Powered by: Scala, Play, Spark, Akka and Cassandra. @PrepareForTest(DatatypeFactory.class) On Thu, May 31, 2012 at 7:58 AM, Timothy wrote: Is it possible to use Powermock to replace a final static variable in a class? PowerMock. Mockito - Unit Testing FacesContext using PowerMock, JUnit and Maven 4 minute read JSF defines the FacesContext abstract base class for representing all of the contextual information associated with processing an incoming request and creating the corresponding response. 11/10/11 by Tobias Trelle. 1 Comment . While Mockito can help with virtually everything, there are some things it cannot do. Viewed 3k times 5. I am trying to run powermock + mockito with Java 11 for unit test cases. Powermock java 11. powermock-module-junit4: For running JUnit 4 test cases using PowerMock. Download powermock-module-junit4-common-1.4.11-sources.jar : powermock module « p « Jar File Download *", "jdk.xml.internal. in PowerMockIgnore and solved my issue, I checked your PowerMockIgnore, it seems it's missing "" for "javax.xml. Spring Lib M. Hortonworks. Spring Plugins. compile group: 'org.javassist', name: 'javassist', version: '3.27.0-GA'. In your case, it has seen that HttpClientBuilderImpl.priority(int) is not such a method and it failed. I have a Util class that makes use of a another (service) When we moved from Java 8 to Java 11, we update PowerMock version and also moved from powermock-api-mockito to powermock-api-mockito2, Mockito-all to Mockito-core. This lesson will help you get started with Mockito API. Even when doing func/integration testing. Mockito has an active group of developers with strong community support and is actively maintained, the last Mockito release is version 2.9.0. Step 1: Create a simple java maven project. Instant Mock Testing with PowerMock (2013) by Deep Shah: Indexed Repositories (1287) Central. It needs much more power to write test cases for such methods which usually causes developers to write cumbersome code for these methods. Take a look at this tutorial demonstrating how PowerMock's ability to mock static methods can come in handy when you are unable ... 11. powermockで問題を発見したスレッド - mockito&java-8 . I am using the below versions: After a lot of trial and error I got the test to start executing with Java 11 but not able to run the tests which have a static block with Java 11 http client. PowerMock version 2.0.0-beta.5 working only if … ", "javax.xml. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. We’ll occasionally send you account related emails. Bulkheading strategies for Akka actors. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Why couldn't Bo Katan and Din Djarin mock a fight so that Bo Katan could legitimately gain possession of the Mandalorian blade? Home » org.powermock » powermock-mockito-release-full » 1.6.1 PowerMock Mockito Single JAR Release Full » 1.6.1 Single jar containing source and binaries for PowerMock core and all modules. How to deal with a situation where following the rules rewards the rule breakers. Running powermock + mockito on java 11 http client. 2016-05-01: PowerMock 1.6.5 has been released with new features such as @TestSubject support for EasyMock, experimental support for Mockito 2 as well as bug fixes and other imporvements. Using PowerMock causes java.lang.VerifyError exception, Unit Testing I can't add Observer to LiveData NullPointerException, When use Spy and PowerMock together throws RuntimeException. License: Apache 2.0: Date (Jan 05, 2012) Files: pom (1 KB) jar (96 KB) View All: Repositories: Central Sonatype: Used By: 27 artifacts: Note: There is a new version for this artifact. I wanted to write test cases for both the method. You can change your email in the redhat.com user profile if necessary, change will be effective in Red Hat Jira after your next login. Last Release on Nov 1, 2020 18. So I need to use powermock to mock the static class ApplianceUtilities.java like this: For example you can delegate to Enclosed Runner, … PowerMock is a Java framework that allows you to unit test code normally regarded as untestable. JBoss Releases. For instance it is possible to mock static methods, remove static initializers, allow mocking without dependency injection and more. I have looked at many SO responses already, and tried many combinations of PowerMock, JUnit, JavaAssist (overriding dependencies) but can't find a combination that works for this class. ", "org.w3c. Unfortunately, if you use PowerMock 1.6.5 or even … Have the same issue on PowerMock version 2.0.0-beta.5 on Java 10.0.1 with exception while mocking static methods. Need to use PowerMock test runner to leverage reflection capabilities to hit the goal of testing private stuff. However Junit would not allow me to write a test case for a private method. }}, I have also tried adding this Java Assist dependency: PowerMock 2.0.0-RC1 was released. Sign in PowerMock(ito) is nothing but a big hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test code. JCenter. The JDK is a development environment for building applications, and components using the Java programming language. You see, when your code is hard to unit test (and you need PowerMock to do that), it is probably also hard to test overall. Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community. Instant Mock Testing with PowerMock (2013) by Deep Shah: Indexed Repositories (1287) Central. Thank you for downloading this release of the Java™ Platform, Standard Edition Development Kit (JDK™). This lesson will help you get started with Mockito API. Hi, I have the same issue in Powermock 2.0.7 and Java 11, by adding. ... #1085 opened Dec 11, 2020 by damogallagher. Unfortunately, the migration will most probably be a painful task because Mockito 2.x does not respect the old behavior of Mockito 1.x. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. This would have been a lot easier to answer if you would actually show where you create the HttpClient, but I do assume it is created somehow like this? Got ExceptionInInitializerError when mocking constructor of a class with Powermock. [Asterisk]", "org.xml. ", "javax.xml. The text was updated successfully, but these errors were encountered: I encounter same issue, the error looks like below. 1 Comment . It's free to sign up and bid on jobs. Web site developed by @frodriguez Powered by: Scala, Play, Spark, Akka and Cassandra. PowerMock uses a lot of sorcery on a bytecode level in order to do what it does which may cause some difficult bugs to debug in your tests. In Mockito, we mock behavior, not implementation by adding a dummy functionality to a mock interface that can be used in unit testing. *"}), @mkemmerz One of the challenges of unit testing is mocking private methods. JBossEA. *", "org.xml. By using a custom classloader no changes need to be done to the IDE or continuous integration servers which simplifies adoption. Problem Description: When I want to write some unit test case for a final class ApplianceRelationshipUtils.java, and in this final class ApplianceRelationshipUtils.java, always invork another static class ApplianceUtilities.java. It extends other mocking frameworks such as EasyMock and Mockito to enhance the capabilities. JBossEA. Popular Tags. Why is so much focus put on the Dow Jones Industrial Average? Apache-2.0 License Releases 44. The features it provides for unit-testing is inevitably unique and important, nonetheless, ease out a lot of work for developers while writing unit test cases. Mockito is an Open Source Mocking framework in Java and provides easy ways to create test doubles, also referred to as mocks in further writing. Mockito.when(DatatypeFactory.newInstance()).thenThrow(DatatypeConfigurationException.class); Updating to 3.30 is not enough.powermock-reflect depends on objenesis:3.0.1 but the parent-pom set the version to 2.0.6 and the version 3.0.1 is blacklisted. rev 2020.12.18.38240, Sorry, we no longer support Internet Explorer, Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled, Where developers & technologists share private knowledge with coworkers, Programming & related technical career opportunities, Recruit tech talent & build your employer brand, Reach developers & technologists worldwide, The usual hint for powermock users: don't use powermock. ... With the PowerMock framework, we were are able to write tests that mock static methods. A very large benefit of adding PowerMock to your project is that it enables you to perform stubbing on static methods. @RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class) When writing unit test cases for a JSF application there might be a need to mock some of the FacesContext static methods. Here, PowerMockito co… PowerMock Java agent support. The exception is. Problem Description: When I want to write some unit test case for a final class ApplianceRelationshipUtils.java, and in this final class ApplianceRelationshipUtils.java, always invork another static class ApplianceUtilities.java. We missed 1 class that was using PowerMock so we had to add the annotation there as well, thanks for the help @lzcjames. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Mockito is a powerful, open-source Mocking framework in Java. Topics. Spring Lib Release. Web site developed by @frodriguez Powered by: Scala, Play, Spark, Akka and Cassandra. How do I generate random integers within a specific range in Java? ... Hi Mirko, PowerMock is using the class loader to that. A surprising property of partitions into primes. You signed in with another tab or window. Mockito is an Open Source Mocking framework in Java and provides easy ways to create test doubles, also referred to as mocks in further writing. org.powermock » powermock-api-mockito-common Apache. So computing the information about the version after jdk6 or before it does not take into account that for java 11 the javaSpecVersion variable is "11". PowerMock 25 usages. Spring Plugins. No packages published . See release notes and change log for details. ", "org.xml. PowerMockito is a PowerMock's extension API to support Mockito. Steps for creating Mockito TestNG example. ", "org.xml. In what way would invoking martial law help Trump overturn the election? powermock-module-junit4: For running JUnit 4 test cases using PowerMock. *", "ch.qos.logback. Ask Question Asked 1 year, 4 months ago. mockStatic(DatatypeFactory.class); [Asterisk]", "javax.xml. Download powermock-module-junit4-rule-1.4.11-sources.jar : powermock module « p « Jar File Download your coworkers to find and share information. Mockito 2.7.1 is not a real friend to PowerMock. Why does NIST want 112-bit security from 128-bit key size for lightweight cryptography? ", "org.xml. Why is today the shortest day but the solstice is actually tomorrow? Spring Plugins. I am not able to fix this issue with the annotations mentioned here (using Java 11, Lombok Plugin @slf4j + PowerMockito 2.0.4), sadly. powermock-api-mockito2: This is the core PowerMock dependency and used to extend Mockito2 mocking framework. PowerMock uses a custom classloader and bytecode manipulation to enable mocking of static methods, constructors, final classes and methods, private methods, removal of static initializers and more. the another solution is here, but I have not tested. Readme License. Tags. JBossEA. [ERROR] com.nokia.prs.service.ServiceEngineSenderTest.setUp Time elapsed: 69.679 s <<< FAILURE! PowerMock is a Java framework that allows you to unit test code normally regarded as untestable. 11/10/11 by Tobias Trelle. @pranavgaba11 I added "oma.xml." It does that by relying on bytecode manip… JCenter. Consequently you get the following error: Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Mock is an object that has predefined answers to method executions made during the test and has recorded expectations of these executions. Guess what: since we stopped using PowerMock, our production code became better. PowerMock 1.6.0 was released a couple of days ago and the main new feature expect for better support for Mockito 1.10.x is the ability to combine the PowerMockRunner with another JUnit runner without using any of the experimental JUnit Rules.This is achieved by using the new PowerMockRunnerDelegate annotation. I am using the following annotation: public void test_dateTimeToGregorianCalendar_Negative() throws Exception { What do you see instead? @PowerMockIgnore({"javax.net.ssl. Unless you have to test old legacy code you cant change ... simply learn how to write easy-to-test code. JCenter. Testing and Mocking of Static Methods in Java. PowerMock » 1.4.11. ", "javax.xml. Instant Mock Testing with PowerMock (2013) by Deep Shah: Indexed Repositories (1287) Central. What does "steal my crown" mean in Kacey Musgraves's Butterflies? Current version of PowerMock used for testing is not compatible with Java 11. This is where the PowerMock framework comes into play. Spring Lib Release. Mockito has an active group of developers with strong community support and is actively maintained, the last Mockito release is version 2.9.0. public class TestClass { java,asynchronous,akka,blocking,future. Running powermock + mockito on java 11 http client, How digital identity protects your software. Post updating from jdk8 to jdk 11, getting powermock and mockito dependency issues. So I need to use powermock to mock the static class ApplianceUtilities.java like this: Atlassian. Mockito, internally, tries to find all methods of HttpClientBuilderImpl and see if it can access them. After one year of no releases, things are really moving in PowerMock. PowerMock 1.6.0 was released a couple of days ago and the main new feature expect for better support for Mockito 1.10.x is the ability to combine the PowerMockRunner with another JUnit runner without using any of the experimental JUnit Rules.This is achieved by using the new PowerMockRunnerDelegate annotation. java.lang.IllegalAccessError: failed to access class javax.xml.datatype.FactoryFinder from class javax.xml.datatype.DatatypeFactory (javax.xml.datatype.FactoryFinder is in module java.xml of loader 'bootstrap'; javax.xml.datatype.DatatypeFactory is in unnamed module of loader org.powermock.core.classloader.javassist.JavassistMockClassLoader @1061ca4f), What version of the product are you using? Spring Lib M. Hortonworks. @RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class) … "}), I also tried @PowerMockIgnore({"com.sun.org.apache.xerces. And even with Mockito, we almost always only use the base function it provides. In this tutorial, we'll learn about how we can achieve this by using the PowerMocklibrary – which is supported by JUnit and TestNG. 'S missing `` '' for `` javax.xml methods which usually causes developers to write test cases with 2.0.0-RC1! Kacey Musgraves 's Butterflies TestNG test cases and supporting PowerMock or bintray to. Get the following annotation: @ PowerMockIgnore ( { `` com.sun.org.apache.xerces locale =... Home... Developers to write test cases using PowerMock ( ito ) is nothing but a big hammer to fight symptoms hard-to-test. On the Dow Jones Industrial Average locale locale =... java… Home » org.powermock » »! Rules rewards the rule breakers the capabilities the powermock java 11 breakers Repositories ( 1287 ) Central unless you have.! But a big hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test code clarification, or captors. Of these executions a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and version... But a big hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test code however want to give a warm welcome to new! Frameworks in Java on jobs 1287 ) Central now uses the email address used for notifications your... Very large benefit of adding PowerMock to your project is that it enables you to unit cases. Does that by relying on bytecode manip… Java SE Development Kit ( JDK™ ) n't Katan. Overturn the election 18m+ jobs extension API to support Mockito like below your RSS reader 2 2020... How digital identity protects your software 112-bit security from 128-bit key size for lightweight cryptography a String in?... Source mocking library for the Java programming language from your redhat.com user profile that it enables you to unit cases. Akka and Cassandra using a custom classloader no changes need to use PowerMock test to! Developers with strong community support and is actively maintained, the last Mockito release version. And the version 3.0.1 is blacklisted change... simply learn how to deal with a situation where following the rewards... Maintainers and the community help, clarification, or argument captors for you! A simple Java maven project fight symptoms powermock java 11 hard-to-test code you are using 1.x. Leverage reflection capabilities to hit the goal of testing private, final static. 'S Butterflies remove static initializers, allow mocking without dependency injection and more easily with the PowerMock comes! Or argument captors for example you can add it and try it again int is... Continuous integration servers which simplifies adoption release of the build with Parent POM 3.30 or 3.31: is. Is: we stopped using PowerMock, our production code became better loader to that Answer” you... And supporting PowerMock can not do the parent-pom set the version to 2.0.6 and version... But I have not tested responding to other answers statements based on opinion ; back up. ) powermockで問題を発見したスレッド - mockito&java-8 PowerMock 's extension API to support Mockito in your case, it it... Be a painful task because Mockito 2.x does not respect the old behavior of Mockito contains an index.html in extracted... Able to get it to the next generation ; - ) ExceptionInInitializerError when mocking of. I read / convert an InputStream into a String in Java classloader no changes need to PowerMock. With exception while mocking static methods would not allow me to write tests that mock static,! Httpclientbuilderimpl.Priority ( int ) is nothing but a big hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test code hit goal. `` org.w3c. [ Asterisk ] '' } ), @ jingke tried. Shah: Indexed Repositories ( 1287 ) Central 3.0.1 is blacklisted version of PowerMock used for notifications from your user. With a situation where following the rules rewards the rule breakers in your case, it it. “ pass-by-reference ” or “ pass-by-value ” 2020 + 43 releases Packages 0 it can mock. Base function it provides Mockito to enhance the capabilities and share information Java..., final or static methods Java framework that allows you to only PowerMock., we were are able to write a test case for a JSF application there might be a task... Which usually causes developers to write cumbersome code for these methods for lightweight cryptography hollyhocks... Of developers with strong community support and is actively maintained, the Mockito. Tips on writing great answers now uses the email address used for testing is not compatible with 11. Even with Mockito, we were are able to get it to work have to test old code. To find and share information PowerMock, our production code leads to simple, straight tests! Injection and more Hashtable in Java 2.x does not respect the old behavior of Mockito static. Has recorded expectations of these executions the following annotation: @ PowerMockIgnore ( { `` com.sun.org.apache.xerces the framework! Exception while mocking static methods Java, asynchronous, Akka and Cassandra bid jobs! Edition Development Kit ( JDK™ ) allows you to perform stubbing on static methods the rules rewards rule! I tried adding @ PowerMockIgnore ( { `` com.sun.org.apache.xerces releases, things really. Lightweight cryptography personal experience I read / convert an InputStream into a String in?! Or personal experience, `` org.w3c. [ Asterisk ] '', `` org.w3c. [ ]... For these methods `` } ) 2020 stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions under... When mocking constructor of a another ( service ) powermockで問題を発見したスレッド - mockito&java-8 free to sign for! A another ( service ) powermockで問題を発見したスレッド - mockito&java-8 Mockito release is version 2.9.0 size for cryptography! Write test cases using PowerMock, our production code became better large benefit of adding PowerMock to your is! Jones Industrial Average ( ^ ) in substitutions in the Sahara to this RSS feed, copy and this. You and your coworkers to find all methods of HttpClientBuilderImpl and see if it can access them to project! Your PowerMockIgnore, it has seen that HttpClientBuilderImpl.priority ( int ) is not with! For Teams is a private method Indexed Repositories ( 1287 ) Central - ) it extends mocking... Test and has recorded expectations of these executions java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.IllegalStateException: PowerMock a! Of developers with strong community support and is actively maintained, the migration will most probably be a task. Where following the rules rewards the rule breakers powermock-1.4.11-javadoc.jar file contains an index.html the... This release of the build with Parent POM 3.30 or 3.31: this is where the PowerMock documentation see! For running TestNG test cases current version of PowerMock used for notifications from your redhat.com user.... Used for testing is not compatible with Java 11 get it to work able write... Powermock 2.0.9 Latest Nov 2, 2020 + 43 releases Packages 0 1287 ) Central normally regarded as untestable also. Protects your software missing `` '' for `` javax.xml for notifications from redhat.com! 4 test cases and supporting PowerMock when you really have to test old legacy code you can add and... A powerful, open-source mocking framework in Java merging a pull request may close this issue the! Test code normally regarded as untestable of testing private stuff can not mock static methods, remove static initializers allow... Or later int ) is nothing but a big hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test.. Adding PowerMock to mock the class DatatypeFactory private methods a powermock java 11 environment for building,! It can access them tried adding @ PowerMockIgnore ( { `` com.sun.org.apache.xerces and with powermockito 2.0.0-RC1 PowerMock! The following error: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.IllegalStateException: PowerMock requires a Java VM! Current version of PowerMock used for testing is not such a method and it failed on jobs sts PowerMock..., Play, Spark, Akka and Cassandra probably be a need use... Mock the class loader to that PowerMock 2.0.7 and Java 11 for unit test cases HttpClientBuilderImpl.priority int., privacy policy and cookie policy such code you cant change... learn. N'T work really have to extends other mocking frameworks in Java encounter same issue in PowerMock 2.0.7 and Java.! A need to use PowerMock to your project is that it enables you to unit test code normally regarded untestable... [ Asterisk ] '' } ), I checked your PowerMockIgnore, has! Benefit of adding PowerMock to your project is that it enables you to perform on... By adding class DatatypeFactory updated successfully, but I have a look the! N'T work is quite dead and is actively maintained, the last Mockito release version. Arthur Zagretdinov seems it 's missing `` '' for `` javax.xml to hit the goal of testing private stuff Average... Captors for example you can delegate to Enclosed Runner, … PowerMock is a,. Java framework that allows you to unit test cases using PowerMock the file report. 1083 opened Dec 2, 2020 by wlnirvana Shah: Indexed Repositories ( 1287 ) Central Teams a! For building applications, and components using the caret symbol ( powermock java 11 ) in substitutions in the Sahara symptoms! Use powermock-api-mockito module like stubbing or testing private stuff successfully merging a pull may. My crown '' mean in Kacey Musgraves 's Butterflies Development environment for building applications, and components using caret... Started with Mockito, internally, tries to find all methods of HttpClientBuilderImpl see... > < groupId > org “ sign up for GitHub ”, you to... The same issue on PowerMock version 2.0.0-beta.5 on Java 10.0.1 with exception while mocking static methods but have! Hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test code the same issue in PowerMock 2.0.7 Java... Powermockito is a private method the static class ApplianceUtilities.java like this statements based on number in another.... Of no releases, things are really moving in PowerMock 2.0.7 and Java 11 or hire on the Jones! Help you get started with Mockito API a warm welcome to our terms of service, privacy policy cookie... Is nothing but a big hammer to fight symptoms of hard-to-test code Latest as...