Family group, possibly West Kerry The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. It derived most directly from the rhythm and blues music of the 1940s, which itself developed from earlier blues, boogie woogie, jazz and swing music, and was also influenced by gospel, country and western, and traditional folk music. August 6 and 8: The United States detonates two nuclear weapons above the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first and (so far only) use of such a weapon against an enemy people. Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Dec 30, 1945. Important Events in 1940 Feb 27 Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14 (radiocarbon dating) at the University of California Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, California Mar 18 Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler meet at Brenner Pass where the Italian dictator agrees he will, in due course, join Germany's impending war effort in the west First EIS investigation for chronic disease (leukemia cluster), An investigation into a cancer cluster in Niles, Illinois expands CDC reach into chronic diseases, Tuberculosis Program transfers from the U. S. Public Health Service to CDC. 7th January » Winter War: The Finnish 9th Division Battle of Raate Road named stops and completely destroys the overwhelming Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road. 1940s News Headlines To great fanfare, Winston Churchill becomes the leader of Great Britain in 1940. May: The Germans opened the Auschwitz concentration camp, where at least 1.1 million people would be killed. Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. In 1942, World War II continued to dominate the news. What Happened in 1940 History. Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today. Fortunately for all, the 1940s was a decade of inventions of all kinds. The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview. Before 1940 Oct.1938 21 Japanese troops occupied Guangzhou. 1940 • Penicillin was used to help cure diseases. The 1940s tower over every other decade of the 20th century as the most full of sorrow, patriotism, and ultimately, hope and the beginning of a new era of American dominance on the world stage. June 14, 1940 - On the same day Paris fell to the German army and Auschwitz received its first Polish prisoners, the Naval Expansion Act is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, increasing the capacity of the U.S. Navy by 11%. October 8: Inventor Percy Spencer filed the first of what would be 150 patents for the Microwave oven, to be made available to the public as the Radarange. June 24: After the Soviet Union blocked Western Allies' routes into sections of Berlin in the Berlin Blockade, the U.S. and British organized the Berlin Airlift to bring supplies to West Berlin. There were several technological advances in recording and playback, however. Timelineicon. U.S. trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends … April 12: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died at his Warm Springs, Georgia estate. March 3: Forrest Mars, Sr. obtained a patent for the candy to be known as M&M's and based on British-made Smarties. May 14: After years of experimentation and investment, stockings made of nylon rather than silk hit the market because silk was needed for the war effort. October 14: World War II fighter pilot Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier for the first time, flying in a a Bell X-1 experimental aircraft. • The first synthetic rubber tires were manufactured. But as Europe collapsed into conflict in 1939, the United States began to escape the effects of the Great Depression (1930–39). August 23: The Battle of Stalingrad began, the largest confrontation of Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union in an attempt to gain control of the city. Marvel Comics introduces Captain America in March 1941. In 1938, the March of Dimes was founded to fund the effort to find a vaccine. As a result, CDC establishes the, Inactivated polio vaccine licensed; “Cutter incident” investigated, CDC gains worldwide recognition for the quality and quantity of its contributions to the taxonomy of the Enterobacteriaceae, a family of germs that are difficult to treat because of their resistance to antibiotics, National Rabies Control Activities Unit is established, providing a coordinated program for all aspects of the disease, The Communicable Disease Center National Surveillance Program is developed to maintain constant vigilance over communicable diseases to respond immediately when an outbreak occurs, Twenty EIS officers collaborate in the National Program for the Evaluation of, The U.S. Public Health Service becomes part of the newly-created Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare after the Federal Security Agency is dissolved, First EIS investigations on environmental exposure (trichloroethylene and occupational exposure (anthrax), The Epidemic Intelligence Service participates in 205 outbreaks; most common are infectious hepatitis, poliomyelitis, histoplasmosis, gastroenteritis, encephalitis, typhoid fever, leptospirosis and influenza, Reorganization of CDC reduces the number of branches into five well-defined spheres of activity: Epidemiology, Training, Technology, Laboratory, and Administrative, A team of CDC physicians, engineers, and entomologists is sent to Southeast Asia to assist in developing, CDC begins to withdraw from active participation in the operational phases of the National Malaria Eradication Program and discontinues the Malaria Control Residual Spray Program, shifting interest to surveillance, supporting training programs, consultation and research studies with the states, A committee on air-borne disease studies is established, with emphasis on sampling techniques and devices adaptable to biological warfare defense, CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. March: British astronomer Fred Hoyle, appearing on a BBC radio program, described the current theory of how the universe began as "one big bang at a particular time in the remote past," making the notion accessible to the public imagination and even though he didn't at the time accept it. June 22–December 5: Operation Barbarossa, an Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, took place. The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. 1940s: Thomas Francis, Jr., MD and Jonas Salk, MD serve as lead researchers at the University of Michigan to develop the first inactivated flu vaccine with support from the U.S. Army. April 30: Adolf Hitler and his wife Eva Braun committed suicide by cyanide and pistol, in an underground bunker under his headquarters in Berlin. President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that World War II (1939–45) would bring an end to the British Empire and reduce British influence. • Synthetic tooth fillings were developed. July 11: Jewish refugees from France attempting to reach Palestine aboard the Exodus were forcibly turned back by the British. U.S. trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere. May 1: Cheerios cereal, or rather CheeriOats as it was known then, was introduced. He managed America's involvement in the war so that the United States could replace Britain in world affairs after 1945. Farmers faced new challenges brought on by the war, students at Indiana University saw many of … 1949. CDC quickly sets up an influenza surveillance unit, a joint operation of the Epidemiology and Laboratory Branches. There were several technological advances in recording and playback, however. Like other schools, Nebraska fields some rag-tag teams during the war years. October 13: One month after surrendering to Allied forces, the government of Italy under Pietro Badoglio joined the Allies and declared war on Germany. Important events of 1940, including the beginning of the London Blitz (pictured above) and the Battle of Britain. An overview of jazz in the 1930s, from The Great Depression to Charlie Parker. May 26–June 4: Britain was forced to retreat from France in the Dunkirk evacuation. July 8: French resistance leader Jean Pierre Moulin is said to have died on a train near Metz and headed to Germany after being tortured by the Nazis. Everyone collectively breathed a sigh of relief. The decade opened with the Battle of Britain and the Blitz of 1940-41, during which time Londoners experienced aerial bombing whose severe consequences were felt throughout the city. In the 1940s Nebraska has a string of losing seasons that doesn't end until 1950. November: The Slinky toy was demonstrated at Gimbel's department store in Philadelphia. Well, it's easy as toast! The Timeline highlights significant developments in the history of financial regulation against U.S. and world events. By the 1940s it appears that a general discontent with their conditions was becoming evident among the rural population. July 14: Dr. Spock's "The Common Book of Baby and Child Care" was published, just in time for the start of the post-war Baby Boom. July 5: Bikini swimsuits made their debut on a Paris beach but quickly spread to beaches everywhere. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. The Print Collector / Print Collector / Getty Images, Timeline of World War II From 1939 to 1945, An Overview of the Key Events of World War II, 10 of the Most Influential Presidents of the United States, Operation Barbarossa in World War II: History and Significance, The Great Depression, World War II, and the 1930s, What Was the Atlantic Charter? Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends 2.WW2 Fashion – … Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments It proved immensely popular, with several advantages over the fountain pen—a smooth ball bearing instead of a scratchy nib, and an instant-drying ink that only had to be refilled once every six months. March 5: Winston Churchill gave his "Iron Curtain" speech, condemning Soviet Union policies in Europe. American businesses sold goods such as steel to European countries. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments, CDC stations the Laboratory Division at the Lawson Veterans Administration Hospital in Chamblee, Georgia, CDC established for communicable diseases, Rabies investigation activities are conducted at the Virus Laboratory in Montgomery, Alabama, CDC assists the Imperial Iranian Government in planning and establishing a national malaria control program, CDC conducts first training courses in Laboratory Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Mycotic Diseases, CDC investigations expand to include, typhus, dysentery-diarrheal, fly control-poliomyelitis, viral encephalitis, plague, Q fever, brucellosis, creeping eruption, rabies, histoplasmosis, insecticides, and rodenticides, Acquires the Public Health Service Plague Suppressive lab which included an Epidemiology division, Emory University deeds 15 acres of land to the Federal Government for the development of CDC headquarters on Clifton Road in Atlanta, CDC establishes the Veterinary Public Health Division, focusing on protecting and improving both animal and human health. 8: George Orwell 's landmark `` Nineteen Eighty-Four '' was published thus, white northerners viewed African-Americans unfamiliar. 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