Creation vs. Evolution. The Priestly Creation Story Introduction. The Yahwist strand is represented in Genesis 2–16, 18–22, 24–34, 38, and 49; Exodus 1–24, 32, … 2 Now the earth was a formless void, there was darkness over the deep, with a divine wind sweeping over the waters. Can you tell me where, because my understanding is that he is not mentioned. But what is told is difficult to unravel. but the quest for knowledge goes on. By reading the Creation stories many differences between the Priestly and Yahwist accounts can be noticed. Are Yahweh and El the same god OR different gods? Thanks Steven, I’ve enjoyed reading your posts. The Priestly account corresponds roughly to Genesis, Chapter 1, while the Yahwist account corresponds to Genesis, Chapters 2. Holding begins his attack on the idea that there are two creation stories in Genesis by reclassifying one of the accounts as a "family history," thereby removing it from the genre of a creation story altogether. (Gen 16:13, 32:30; Ex 24:9-11, 33:11; Num 14:14; Deut 5:21, 34:10 vs Ex 33:20; John 1:18, 5:37; 1 Tim 6:16), #327. This site is great for bringing attention to that. The Jahwist, also referred to as the Jehovist, Yahwist, or simply as J, is one of the four major sources of the Torah postulated by the Documentary Hypothesis (DH). The Priestly account corresponds roughly to Genesis, Chapter 1, while the Yahwist account corresponds to Genesis, Chapters 2. But you actually make it work. Yahwist and Priestly Traditions of the Creation Story Comparison Essay by Ben. Identified verse by verse and explained using the most up-to-date scholarly information about the Bible, its texts, and the men who wrote them — by Dr. Steven DiMattei. God creates, establishes, and puts everything into motion, and then rests. That said, I am sensitive to the spiritual or, lack thereof in the case, aspects of this pursuit, but at present I’m more interested in the biblical text, and how it came to be, i.e., not what the biblical text says about us, if indeed it says anything at all, but what it says about itself. Compare and contrast this epic with the Priestly writer’s creation story in Genesis 1. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. One use of the term relates to the JEDP theory—Yahwism, in that context, is the use of the name Yahweh in the Pentateuch. Priestly vs Yahwist. Ps 114:3; 104) portrays Yahweh conquering and dividing Yam, like Marduk does to Tiamat. I discussed this on another list in 2010: And in fact, there are several passages that—like other ancient Near Eastern parallels (see #2)—portray Yahweh and Yam in conflict with one another, not as identical. For nearly three centuries now, scholars and critical readers of the book of Genesis have acknowledged that Genesis is a composite text (See How the Torah was Discovered to be a Collection of Competing Traditions). Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight, and the earth was filled with violence. It was discovered in 1875 CE. 0 0. As a formerly religious person, I was taught that the Bible was completely harmonious and there were no contradictions in it at all! Steven, your essays are very readable, very cogent and I will spend time carefully reading them. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation; Noah walked with God. See Psalms 74:13 and Isaiah 51:9, 10, for instance. Until a few weeks ago, I didn’t know ANYTHING about the P and J stuff or the interpretive frameworks. Jayzangel PLUS. Maybe the Divine Council was assimilated into the religion of Jerusalem and developed by the priests of the city. To which god was Balaam subservient: Yahweh OR El? Four Part Story. What is written on the stone tablets that are placed in the Ark: the instructions for building the Tabernacle OR the Ten Commandments? See this link for Mark S. Smith’s translation: http://tinyurl.com/nuavmja. Examination of the inconsistencies from a scholar himself brings it to a whole new level. Thanks! Yahwist and Priestly Traditions of the Creation Story Comparison Essay by Ben. ...Babylonian creation epic, The Enuma Elish. The implication was that the first story came from Israel [in the north] and the second was from Judah [in the south]. Yam, they say could be spelled Yaw or even Ya’a. Additionally, God bestows  blessings upon the primordial pair and establishes a holy day. Most of the remainder of Genesis is from the Yahwist, but P provides the covenant with Abraham (chapter 17) and a few other stories concerning Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Van Seters’s interest in the Yahwist was stimulated by the 1964 presidential address of the Society of Biblical Literature, given by Professor Fredrick Winnett, “Rethinking the Foundations,” which focused on the Yahwist in Genesis. See Judges 5, Deuteronomy 33, Habakkuk 3. While humans are told to serve the Earth in the Yahwist version, humans are told to subdue the Earth in the Priestly version. Being Honest to the Bible’s Texts, Their Authors, and Their Beliefs, Brief Interview with Wipf & Stock about my, Defending the Biblical Texts: What It Entails and Why Secularists Ought to Care. Created by. Likewise, Ps 77:16-19 portrays Yam fleeing from Yahweh. It is the oldest source, whose narratives make up half of Genesis and the first half of Exodus, plus fragments of Numbers. Flashcards. Job 7:12). I can’t believe what I am learning. This story concentrates more on the Exodus-Sinai story and the formation of the covenant at Mount Sinai. Your presentation is reasonable and easy to follow, and so are your conclusions. They are however linked together by the "Older Federation Story." Primarily the order of creation. Creation of the world (Gen. 1) Priestly. The Priestly biblical history and the Enuma Elish are written down in a similar way with some characteristics. Thank you very much Steven for your work, very very beneficial . There are two creation stories in Genesis because two different sources, the Yahwist and the Priestly Source each wrote his own story. This Site Might Help You. Yahwist vs Elohist essaysThe stories of the Yahwist and the Elohist have many similarities as well as differences. Indeed, the epithet “God of gods” is employed to Yahweh in the context we’re discussing. Text from the priestly source Priestly Source, commonly designated P; Text from the Yahwist soruce Yahwist (Jahwist) source, commonly designated J; The following text colors are used to highlight particular phraseology illustrating theme and structure. Match. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. Seedy3, unless there’s another text that I’m unaware of that makes the Yw-Yamm connection, you are referring to KTU 1.1 IV 14 from the Ugaritic (Ras Shamra) texts. Many of these passages are revamped Yahweh vs the Red sea themes where the red sea is now portrayed as (the primordial) Yam. See more. Asherah as well was involved with the infighting between the 2 gods which may be the reason that she too is demonized in the bible. The priestly account is liturgy. I should have looked for new comments before posting mine, because John Kesler beat me to it. 0 0. When the individual episodes are gleaned out of Genesis, Exodus, and Numbers, and viewed together in isolation, the Yahwist epic tells a story of marvelous scope and deep human interest. In this story Moses and Elijah are the central characters instead of David. A redactor combined these two sources. According to archaeologists, it was originally written circa 1120 BCE. In short, these competing traditions tell the story of the world’s beginnings (as well as Israel’s history) differently. And Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. However it’s research to this extent that truly opened my eyes. Most of the remainder of Genesis is from the Yahwist, but P provides the covenant with Abraham (chapter 17) and a few other stories concerning Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. There are two creation stories in Genesis because two different sources, the Yahwist and the Priestly Source each wrote his own story. What is the minimum age of service for Levites: 25 OR 30? I mean what the different sources were up to is presented nicely. Eventually, I, like many others before me, concluded…. Creation of the world (Gen. 1 ... First list of Patriarchs (Gen. 5) Priestly. Be Blessed, He was a primal force of chaos, set up in the myths as kind of a villain to be defeated. Ha, oops. Yahwist definition, a writer of the earliest major source of the Hexateuch, in which God is characteristically referred to as Yahweh rather than Elohim. The P version seems to be to the point, whereas the Y version seems to be long winded and confusing? You’ve compiled a remarkable amount of information here, and I think it can be helpful. Glancing at Wikipedia, it seems that the “Yaw” variant of “Yam” could be a mistake based on a damaged tablet. Test. http://bcharchive.org/2/thearchives/showthread5701-2.html?t=281688. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? We then hear of a story relating how the Canaanites have become cursed (9:18-27), how the mighty Babylonian empire emerged from Nimrod, a fierce warrior and hunter (10:8-12), and finally how the peoples were dispersed and given different languages due to their hubristic enterprise of building monuments that vaunted their names to the heavens (11:1-9)—in short, not a flattering portrait of nascent humanity. They are narratives whose purpose was to explain the origins and identity of a people as perceived through the writer’s own worldview or the particular elitist guild to which he belonged. Second list of patriarchs (Gen. 11) Priestly. What is interesting are the texts from Ugarit that refer to EL. Peace. OR some other order and number? I’ll be sure to check out your new posts daily. I’ve been looking for someone with the scholarly acumen that you possess for sometime and it is proving itself successful in my continuing education. As it happens, however, these two texts were redacted together by later scribes, most likely in an effort to preserve both of these textual traditions. This concern for order extends all the way from his story of creation, through the genealogies, into the categories of sacred and profane, pure and impure, clean and unclean. I’m an ex-evangelical Christian, who took my commitment very seriously and read and studied the book that was the basis of my faith. My heart was telling me that there was much more to look for than what I had been taught; so I was trying Wikipedia, Google and suddenly I came ac…, I want to say that this website has been absolutely invaluable to me. It starts with a creation account (Gen 1:1-2:3) that rather affirms the goodness of the created order as well as the inherent goodness of mankind. Addition: See my recently added 14-post series Genesis’ Two Creation Accounts for a detailed comparison between the Yahwist creation account (Gen 2:4b-24) and the Priestly creation account (Gen 1:1-2:3)—guaranteed to satisfy! Thus, the final editors of the Pentateuch have retained two unique accounts of the creation story, the Yahwist (J) account and the Priestly (P) account." At a later point in time, this Priestly version, which was written to replace the early Yahwist text, was nevertheless inserted into the Yahwist text by a redactor. I assume you do come back to old posts, cos that’s what I’ve just done. She studies Communications at Northwestern University. Thanks for the post. Please keep up the great work and again, thanks for putting in this effort! society, including the priestly class emphasis on order and the majesty of God and creation examples: first Creation story (see Genesis 1:1—2:4), the Book of Leviticus Summary Chart of Four Pentateuch Sources Date Place Divine Name Religious features Literary features Yahwist United Monarchy (~950 BC) Jerusalem? In any case, the second Creation story (Genesis 2) belongs to this source. The Giants (Gen. 6) Yahwist. . Yahwist source, abbreviated as J (labeled J after the German transliteration of YHWH), an early source that provides a strand of the Pentateuchal narrative. Are you saying that Yahweh is mentioned in the Ugaritic/Ras Shamra tablets? This source cannot be dated; it may be a mere set of additions to the Priestly source, but it is also possible that this text once was a full history that was later split into sections. The Yahwist source takes its name from the fact that God is called Yahweh from the beginning, whereas in the other sources the divine name is only revealed in Exodus. Tower of Babel (Gen. 11) Yahwist. I have been all over your site reading articles today. And for the most part these once separate textual traditions can still be identified and even separated out. 6 Instead, water flowed out of the ground and watered all the surface of the soil. As such, I have realized more and more that not only the CULT was completely false, but many parts of the Bible is too. How the historical and spiritual relate, that’s the discussion. Not the storyteller that the Yahwist was, the Priestly writer is more interested in discerning order and structure in God's plan for the world. This creation account is immediately followed by the Priestly writer’s genealogy from Adam to Noah (Gen 5:1-32) which emphasizes, in drastically contradictory terms to the Yahwist’s genealogy of increased violence, how the creation of humanity’s earliest generations all proceed from the original creation in “likeness and image.” ). In order to date the Yahwist, understood as the history of Israelite origins in Genesis to Numbers, comparison is made between J and the treatment of the patriarchs and the exodus-wilderness traditions in the pre-exilic prophets and Ezekiel, all of which prove to be earlier than J. The Priestly (P) account, Gen 1:1 – 2:4b, was written around the … After the flood, the Priestly writer records God’s first covenant with his creation, and another genealogy explaining the origin of man’s diverse languages, contrary to the Yahwist, as a natural genealogical process (Gen 10:1-7, 20, 31-32). THE YAHWIST CREATION STORY GENESIS 2:4b-25 2 4b At the time when Yahweh God made earth and heaven 5 there was as yet no wild bush on the earth nor had any wild plant yet sprung up, for Yahweh God had not sent rain on the earth, nor was there any man to till the soil. The book of Exodus is also divided between the Yahwist and P, and the usual understanding is that the Priestly writer(s) were adding to an already-existing Yahwist narrative. According to the documentary hypothesis, the Elohist (or simply E) is one of four source documents underlying the Torah, together with the Jahwist (or Yahwist), the Deuteronomist and the Priestly source.The Elohist is so named because of its pervasive use of the word Elohim to refer to the Israelite god.. Thank you so much for putting this out there. It bears many points of similarity to the first creation story in the Bible: 1 There has been an on going debate about creation and evolution for hundreds of years and there is multiple sides to each debate. 1) Sin, 2) God's … Source(s): https://shrinks.im/basXa. Thank you very much for this site! Another difference is how human roles are defined for life on Earth. The information you are sharing is both thought provoking and enlightening to me. Also, how both creation stories help humankind develop a better interpretation of God. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. So much of your time this post, Ps 77:16-19 portrays Yam from... Created heaven and earth each have their own separate accounts of Yahweh ( Lord ) God. Was one of the ground and watered all the J P yahwist vs priestly creation story 33, Habakkuk 3 similar. Yahwistic Style uses the sacred name of the city creation and evolution hundreds... 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